Research studies & reports

The Public Health Law Center’s publications are written for public health practitioners, legal professionals, advocates, policymakers and the general public. Research studies and reports are research findings, scholarly journal articles, case studies, and white papers related to public health law and policy.

Tobacco-Free Assisted Living Resources (2016)

A collection of resources with information on tobacco-free and smoke-free assisted living, including a 50-state review of existing state regulations.

Federal Approaches to the Regulation of Noncigarette Tobacco Products - AJPM (2012)

Journal article by Michael Freiberg highlighting several federal policy interventions that would address gaps in the regulation of other tobacco products.  American Journal of Preventive Medicine 43(5S3):S249-S254) (2012); ClearWay Minnesota-funded research.

Other Tobacco Products: A Select Bibliography of Recent Studies (2012)

Select listing of recent studies of five non-cigarette tobacco products:  dissolvables, electronic cigarettes, little cigars, snus and water pipes (hookahs).

Options for State and Local Governments to Regulate Non-Cigarette Tobacco Products - Freiberg reprint (2012)

Annals of Health Law article that examines deficiencies in the federal, state and local regulation of non-cigarette tobacco products and proposes policy options.

American Journal of Preventive Medicine Supplement: "Minnesota’s Investment in Applied Tobacco Control Research: Findings to Inform Practice and Policy" - November 2012

Public Health Law Center staff authored three articles in the November 2012 supplement to the peer-reviewed American Journal of Preventive Medicine.  The supplement featured eight articles from ClearWay Minnesota-funded research grantees, five articles from ClearWay Minnesota-funded research projects, a review article by two experts from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and a commentary by Dr. Howard Koh, Assistant Secretary for Health at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

An Evaluation of Health Benefit Modification in Taft-Hartley Health and Welfare Funds (2010)

An estimated one fifth of all U.S. adult smokers receive health benefits through insurance plans administered by Taft–Hartley Health and Welfare Funds. Most funds do not offer comprehensive tobacco-cessation services to fund participants despite evidence that doing so would
be cost effective and save lives. This paper examines the decision-making processes of Minnesota-based fund trustees and advisors to identify factors that influence decisions about modifications to benefits. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Caroline M. Au-Yeung, Susan R. Weisman et al.

PDF icon ws-article-ajpm-thartleyeval-2010.pdf355.97 KB

Going Smoke-free in the Land of Lakes Collection

Case studies chronicling the intriguing stories behind six pivotal years in Minnesota’s journey toward a statewide smoke-free law in 2007, and the legal and political false starts, missed opportunities, compromises and complexities along the way.

PDF icon phlc-smokefree-minnesota_0.pdf2.02 MB

Tobacco Company Strategies to Undermine Tobacco Control Activities at the World Health Organization

Researched and co-written by Public Health Law Center Director Doug Blanke. Report examining tobacco industry document evidence of tobacco company activities and strategies designed to subvert global tobacco control efforts by the World Health Organization.

World Health Organization (2000)

PDF icon who-tobacco-strategies-2000.pdf1.55 MB

Tobacco Control Legislation: An Introductory Guide

Guidebook on tobacco control legislation, covering basic terms and concepts, the process of planning, drafting, passing, implementing and evaluating the effectiveness of legislation, tobacco control and international law, and case studies of tobacco control legislation in nine countries. Available in six languages.

World Health Organization, Second edition (2004)

Minding the Store: Curtailing the Sale of Tobacco to Minnesota Teens

A report summarizing findings from a survey of law enforcement and public health agencies responsible for enforcement of commercial youth access laws in Minnesota and eight other states regarding local level commercial enforcement practices, challenges and priorities (2002).

PDF icon tlp-tobacco-youth-2002.pdf1.88 MB

Towards health with justice: Litigation and public inquiries as tools for tobacco control

An overview of fifty years of tobacco litigation in U.S. courts, the global experience with tobacco litigation, the use of tobacco industry documents and public inquiries in litigation, and related guidelines and resources. World Health Organization (2002).

PDF icon who-tobacco-litigation-2002.pdf604.12 KB

Smoke on the Web: Can Children Buy Cigarettes Online?

A report examining the threat of illegal tobacco sales to Minnesota minors on the Internet and options for addressing this problem (2002).

PDF icon tlp-tobacco-online-2002.pdf644.81 KB

Legal and Political Obstacles to Smoke-Free Regulation in Minnesota Regions

Journal article presenting findings from a research study of the legal and political challenges faced by seven multi-jurisdictional Minnesota regions in smoke-free ordinance campaigns between 2000 and 2006, approaches regulatory authorities took in each community, and strategies to help public health advocates, health organizations, policymakers, and legal professionals anticipate, avoid, and address these obstacles. Kerry Cork, J.D., and Carolyn Forman, J.D., American Journal of Preventive Medicine (2008)

PDF icon article-cork-forman-ajpm-2008.PDF877.15 KB

Minty Taste of Death: State and Local Options to Regulate Menthol in Tobacco Products (2015)

Journal article by Michael Freiberg describing several local and state policy measures to regulate menthol in tobacco products. 64 Cath. U. L. Rev. 949 (2015); ClearWay Minnesota-funded research.

Missouri Community Use of School Property (2015)

School property can provide a valuable resource for community recreational space and facilitate physical activity through recreation and sport activities before, during, and after school hours. Advocates are working to find ways to increase community use of school property. School property can provide a valuable resource for community recreational space and facilitate physical activity through recreation and sport activities before, during, and after school hours. Advocates are working to find ways to increase community use of school property and can use this resource to plan a path.

Taft-Hartley Health & Welfare Funds: Evaluating the Need for Cessation Benefits

From 2006 to 2008, WorkSHIFTS conducted a study of the process by which Minnesota Taft-Hartley Health and Welfare Fund trustees make decisions about possible modifications to existing health plan benefits, in particular, modifications regarding the provision and promotion of tobacco cessation services. The study also examined health care plan participants’ perceptions about having their unions, Taft-Hartley Funds, and employers provide and promote tobacco cessation resources. The results of this study have been applied to the design of an intervention that will encourage Taft-Hartley Funds to provide and promote tobacco cessation services in existing health care plans. 2008

PDF icon ws-taft-hartley-2008.pdf3.24 MB

The Role of Labor Organizations in Tobacco Control: What Do Unionized Workers Think?

A journal article summarizing the results of a phone survey of unionized workers regarding their knowledge and attitudes about tobacco use, harm associated with workplace exposure to secondhand smoke and the role of labor unions in addressing worksite smoking and cessation coverage policies.

Rebecca J. Mitchell, Susan R. Weisman, Resa M. Jones, Darin Erickson. American Journal of Health Promotion, Jan/Feb 2009.

PDF icon article-weisman-ajhp-2009.pdf523.89 KB